The visitor is the common denominator that includes all the forms of tourism described above for the same purpose. The term includes three separate categories.
(1) Tourists who are guests who are away from home one or more nights for one of the aforementioned purposes (domestic or from abroad).
(2) Visitors on the same day, also known as day visitors who remain outside their usual environment for at least 3 hours for general recreational, recreational and social purposes. Many are local residents of an area.
(3) Tourists on leisure days that spend less than 3 hours from home but outside their usual environment for general recreational, recreational or social purposes. Not included (in the published volume and the value of tourism statistics in England), these short-term tourist visitors directly contribute to the local visitor’s economy and must also be formally recognized in decisions on destination management. Most of this third group of visitors are also residents of destinations and their local river basins.
The term “tourism industry” is the internationally accepted UNWTO / OECD definition of twelve industry standard divisions of economic sectors that provide products / services consumed by visitors. The turnover for tourism in each of these sectors is measured by surveys on visitor spending, ie on the demand side, mainly in the private sector, but including some public sector products / services. Although it is convenient and customary by professionals, the media and politicians, there is no accepted international or national definition of the term “tourism industry”.
A term commonly used in the United Kingdom, although not yet officially defined, refers the visitor’s economy to supply and general demand in all sectors in which visitor activity and its direct and indirect effects on the economy have place. The term visitor’s economy is broader than the definition of the tourism industry, which covers, and includes all resident and non-resident visitors (including categories such as business days and leisure visits that are not currently measured as part of tourist sectors). The term includes the activities and expenses related to the supply of products and services to visitors from both the private and public sectors. It also includes mainly the activities of the public sector and significant expenses for the creation, maintenance and development of public space and infrastructure within and through which visitors’ activities take place. The visitor’s economy can be used in relation to international, national and sub-national destinations and geographical areas and does not necessarily need to be limited by existing historical limits. The “tourism industries” therefore form part of the visitor’s economy.
Destination of the visitor / tourist destination
Visitors’ destinations are places recognized as destinations for visitors and for which aspects of the demand and supply of tourist services can be measured within defined limits. The destination of a visitor is preferred to the “tourist destination” because by definition it includes all categories of visitors. Typically such destinations have a form of public / private sector organization; they are promoted as places to visit and have a form of management process for purposes related to visitors. At the local level, destination limits in the United Kingdom are usually but not always parallel to one or more local authorities or designated parts of such administrative areas, for example national parks. At the regional level, destination boundaries are always a combination of administrative areas of local authorities. At the national level, the borders are those of the nation. These levels reflect the management agreements of the EU area. The UNWTO simply defines the main destination of a tourist visit as “the visited place that is central to the decision to make the journey”.