Tourism industry

Leisure tourism has long been a constant search for the rich, but it is only since the 1980s that most of the population has been involved, both as tourists and as workers who meet their needs – a phenomenon that has increased tourism the position of one of the largest industries in the world. Domestic tourism is estimated to be ten times larger than international tourism, yet relatively little is known; there is more attention to international tourism. With developments in world trade, better means of transport and communication, intensive marketing, increased disposable income, improved political links, technological progress and greater leisure time, international tourism has grown rapidly, as evidenced by the worldwide trend of arrivals and tourist revenue on arrival. . The number of international arrivals rose from 25 million in 1950 to 763 million in 2004, and revenues increased from $ 2 billion to $ 623 billion in the same period (World Tourism Organization 2006).
Globalization has also contributed to the rapid expansion of tourism through changes such as the deregulation of air transport. The growth of charter flights, low-cost airlines and tourist packages provided an important boost to this expansion. International and national tourism together brings together 10 percent of the world’s gross domestic product (GDP) and a significantly higher share in many small and developing countries.

The tourism product consists of a combination of goods and services provided by the tourism industry, as well as unpaid functions that motivate tourism, such as natural sites (such as beaches, mountains and forests), historical sites and cultural features. The welcome offered by tourists from industry and local people to tourists is also of fundamental importance. The tourism sector includes hospitality (eg accommodation, restaurants), transport (eg airline companies, car rentals), facilities and travel information (eg tour operators, travel agencies, information centers tourist) and attractions and entertainment (eg Heritage Sites). and theme parks, national parks and natural parks). The scope of the tourist offer is therefore wide and is influenced by the market conditions that influence the environment in which tourism companies operate.

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